Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)

Is a system of therapy originally developed by Marsha M. Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington, to treat people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) . DBT combines standard cognitive-behavioral techniques for emotion regulation and reality-testing with concepts of distress tolerance, acceptance, and mindful awareness largely derived from Buddhist meditative practice. DBT may be the first therapy that has been experimentally demonstrated to be generally effective in treating BPD. DBT is a treatment designed specifically for individuals with self-harm behaviors, including self-cutting, suicidal thoughts and urges to suicide but the skills that are taught can be helpful to anyone.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

 Is a powerful psychotherapy method that has been studied to be effective in helping people who suffer from trauma, anxiety, panic, disturbing memories, post traumatic stress, and many other emotional problems.

Research shows that EMDR helps people re-process emotionally painful experiences and memories. As a part of a balanced psychotherapy approach, EMDR helps people move from emotional distress to peaceful resolution of the issues or events. The memory remains intact, but the negative response is significantly diminished.

In 1987, a psychologist named Francine Shapiro accidentally discovered that eye movements can reduce the intensity of negative and disturbing thoughts. Through years of research, EMDR has become an accepted mode of treatment for a wide variety of conditions. Currently, EMDR is endorsed by the Department of Veteran’s Affairs, the Department of Defense and the American Psychiatric Association for the treatment of trauma related disorders.
Often when something traumatic happens, it seems to get locked in the
nervous system with the original picture, sounds, thoughts, feelings,
and so on. Since the experience is locked there, it continues to be
triggered whenever a reminder comes up. It can be the basis for A lot of
discomfort and sometimes a lot of negative emotions, such as fear and
helplessness, that we can't seem to control. These are really the
emotions connected with the old experience that are being triggered. EM
DR can help process these experiences so they are no longer locked in
the nervous system.
How does EMDR work?

Like all forms of psychotherapy, no one knows how it works neurobiologically or in the brain. However, from an information processing model, we believe that when a person is very emotionally upset, their brain cannot process information as it typically does. This “frozen in time” experience is what leads the initial trauma to be re-trigger by everyday events, causing great distress in peoples’ lives. These memories then have a lasting effect on how one views the world and relate to others. EMDR appears to target these maladaptive memories (and related emotions) and restores them to normal information processing. People still remember the events but the associated emotions are not as upsetting.